Wozniak, J. et al. Journal of Affective Disorders (2001).
Comorbid bipolar disorder and conduct disorder may be a distinct familial subtype and not due to the chance co-occurance of the two disorders.
by Joseph Biederman, Eric Mick, Stephen V. Faraone, Thomas Spencer, Timothy E. Wilens, and Janet Wozniak
Reproduced by permission of Elsevier Science from Biological Psychiatry, Vol. No. 48, pages 458-466, Copyright 2000 by the Society of Biological Psychiatry.
Despite ongoing controversy, the view that pediatric mania is rare or nonexistent has been increasingly challenged not only by case reports, but also by systematic research. This research strongly suggests that pediatric mania may not be rare but that it may be difficult to diagnose. Since children with mania are likely to become adults with bipolar disorder, the recognition and characterization of childhood-onset mania may help identify a meaningful developmental subtype of bipolar disorder worthy of further investigation.